Simple Past Tense 簡單過去式

(1) When an action happened in the past, we can use "Simple Past Tense". 當一個動作是在過去的時間發生,我們可以用「簡單過去式」。


(2) 通常如果我們在一句句子裡看見「yesterday」、「last night」、「last week」、「last month」、「an hour ago」等這些字時,就表示句子裡的動作是在過去的時間發生的,那我們便會用「簡單過去式」。


For example:

I was late for school yesterday.

My mum took me to the Disneyland last week.


(3) 使用「簡單過去式」時,我們通常會在動詞的最尾加上"ed"。

For example:

added

explained

helped,

completed

enjoyed

decided


(4)有一些動詞的過去式,不是把 "ed"加在最尾,而是會改為另一個拼法的字。

For example:

is / am > was

are > were

will > would

do > did

go > went


(5) 有一些動詞的「簡單過去式」,和它原本那個動詞的拼法是一樣的。

For example:

read > read

put > put

cut > cut


簡單過去式「Be動詞」的句型變化

問句句子 + 肯定句 + 否定句


He/She/It

Q: Was he/she/it hungry?

A: Yes, he/she/it was hungry.

A: No, he/she/it was not hungry.


I

Q: Was I hungry?

A: Yes, I was hungry.

A: No, I was not hungry.


You/We/They

Q: Were you/we/they hungry?

A: Yes, you/we/they were hungry.

A: No, you/we/they were not hungry.



Questions:

簡單過去式「一般動詞」的句型變化

問句 + 肯定句 + 否定句


He/She/It

Q: Did he/she/it go to the park yesterday?

A: Yes, he/she/it went to the park yesterday.

A: No, he/she/it did not go to the park yesterday.


I

Q: Did I go to the park yesterday?

A: Yes, I went to the park yesterday.

A: No, I did not go to the park yesterday.


You/We/They

Q: Did you/we/they go to the park yesterday?

A: Yes, you/we/they went to the park yesterday.

A: No, you/we/they went to the park yesterday.



Common irregular verbs