Reported Speech 轉述句

Reported Speech即是轉述別人說的話。當我們把別人的話複述出來時,我們不會用“ ” ,也不一定會用原來的詞語,有時連時態(Tenses)也會改變。

例子Example 1: 直述句 Direct speech : The teacher said to Alan, “Don’t be late again tomorrow.

轉述句 Reported Speech : The teacher told Alan not to be late again the next day.

根據例子1,從直述句改為轉述句,要改變句式的時態以及時間副詞。

  • said … Don’t -> told … not to

  • tomorrow -> the next day


例子Example 2: 直述句 Direct speech : Peter said, “Please don’t tell my mother about the broken vase.”

轉述句 Reported Speech : Peter asked not to tell his mother about the broken vase.

根據例子2,從直述句改為轉述句,除要改變句式的時態以及時間副詞,也要改變句子中的代詞。

  • said … don’t -> asked … not to

  • my -> his


以下是一些從直述句改為轉述句的規則:

  1. 基本句型:

  2. Someone said (that) …

  3. Someone told (that) …

  4. 時態 Tenses


3. 代詞 Pronouns


4. 時間或地點 Time and place



5. 疑問句:

  1. 把主語調到動詞前,刪減do / did: Example 1: “Where does Peter live?” -> She asked him where Peter lived. Example 2: “Why is she crying?” -> He asked why she was crying.

  2. Yes/No問句會用ask + if / whether: Example 1: “Do you speak English?” -> He asked me if I spoke English.

Example 2: “Is it raining?” -> She asked whether it was raining.

  1. 疑問詞句會用ask + 疑問詞 + 句子 (動詞調到最後面) : Example 1: “What is your name?” he asked me. -> He asked me what my name was. Example 2: “When can we have dinner?” -> She asked when they could have dinner.